Forschungszentrum Borstel
Forschungszentrum Borstel

Programmbereich Infektionen

Diagnostische Mykobakteriologie

Publikationen

2017

Vogt, F, Rehman, AM, Kranzer, K, Nyathi, M, Van Griensven, J, Dixon, M, Ndebele, W, Gunguwo, H, Colebunders, R, Ndlovu, M, Apollo, T & Ferrand, RA 2017, 'Relationship Between Time to Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy and Treatment Outcomes: A Cohort Analysis of ART Eligible Adolescents in Zimbabwe' JAIDS-JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES, Bd 74, Nr. 4, S. 390-398. DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001274

Pedrazzoli, D, Lalli, M, Boccia, D, Houben, R & Kranzer, K 2017, 'Can tuberculosis patients in resource-constrained settings afford chest radiography?' The European respiratory journal, Bd 49, Nr. 3. DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01877-2016

2016

Rawson, TM, Abbara, A, Kranzer, K, Ritchie, A, Milburn, J, Brown, T, Adeboyeku, D, Buckley, J, Davidson, RN, Berry, M, Kon, OM & John, L 2016, 'Factors which influence treatment initiation for pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterium infection in HIV negative patients; a multicentre observational study' RESPIRATORY MEDICINE , Bd 120, S. 101-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2016.10.001

Stagg, HR, Harris, RJ, Hatherell, H-A, Obach, D, Zhao, H, Tsuchiya, N, Kranzer, K, Nikolayevskyy, V, Kim, J, Lipman, MC & Abubakar, I 2016, 'What are the most efficacious treatment regimens for isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis? A systematic review and network meta-analysis' Thorax, Bd 71, Nr. 10, S. 940-9. DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-208262

Bjerrum, S, Oliver-Commey, J, Kenu, E, Lartey, M, Newman, MJ, Addo, KK, Hillemann, D, Andersen, AB & Johansen, IS 2016, 'Tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacteria among HIV-infected individuals in Ghana' Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH, Bd 21, Nr. 9, S. 1181-90. DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12749

Mühlig, A, Bocklitz, T, Labugger, I, Dees, S, Henk, S, Richter, E, Andres, S, Merker, M, Stöckel, S, Weber, K, Cialla-May, D & Popp, J 2016, 'LOC-SERS: A Promising Closed System for the Identification of Mycobacteria' ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY , Bd 88, Nr. 16, S. 7998-8004. DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.6b01152

Gray, CM, Katamba, A, Narang, P, Giraldo, J, Zamudio, C, Joloba, M, Narang, R, Paramasivan, CN, Hillemann, D, Nabeta, P, Amisano, D, Alland, D, Cobelens, F & Boehme, CC 2016, 'Feasibility and Operational Performance of Tuberculosis Detection by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Platform in Decentralized Settings:Results from a Multicenter Study' JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Bd 54, Nr. 8, S. 1984-91. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.03036-15

Lange, B, Stete, K, Bozorgmehr, K, Camp, J, Kranzer, K, Kern, W & Rieg, S 2016, 'Gesundheitsversorgung geflüchteter Menschen' Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), Bd 141, Nr. 11, S. 772-6. DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-107178

Nathavitharana, RR, Hillemann, D, Schumacher, SG, Schlueter, B, Ismail, N, Omar, SV, Sikhondze, W, Havumaki, J, Valli, E, Boehme, C & Denkinger, CM 2016, 'Multicenter Noninferiority Evaluation of Hain GenoType MTBDRplus Version 2 and Nipro NTM+MDRTB Line Probe Assays for Detection of Rifampin and Isoniazid Resistance' JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Bd 54, Nr. 6, S. 1624-30. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.00251-16

Nikolayevskyy, V, Kranzer, K, Niemann, S & Drobniewski, F 2016, 'Whole genome sequencing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis for detection of recent transmission and tracing outbreaks: A systematic review' Tuberculosis, Bd 98, S. 77-85. DOI: 10.1016/j.tube.2016.02.009

Nikolayevskyy, V, Hillemann, D, Richter, E, Ahmed, N, van der Werf, MJ, Kodmon, C, Drobniewski, F, Rüsch-Gerdes, S & ERLTB-Net Network 2016, 'External Quality Assessment for Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Drug Resistance in the European Union: A Five Year Multicentre Implementation Study' PLOS ONE, Bd 11, Nr. 4, S. e0152926. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152926

Pink, F, Brown, TJ, Kranzer, K & Drobniewski, F 2016, 'Evaluation of the Xpert MTB/RIF for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cerebro-spinal fluid' JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Bd 54, Nr. 3, S. 809-811. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.02806-15

Ferrand, RA, Briggs, D, Ferguson, J, Penazzato, M, Armstrong, A, MacPherson, P, Ross, DA & Kranzer, K 2016, 'Viral suppression in adolescents on antiretroviral treatment: review of the literature and critical appraisal of methodological challenges' Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH, Bd 21, Nr. 3, S. 325-33. DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12656

Diel, R, Nienhaus, A, Hillemann, D & Richter, E 2016, 'Cost-benefit analysis of Xpert MTB/RIF for tuberculosis suspects in German hospitals' The European respiratory journal, Bd 47, Nr. 2, S. 575-87. DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01333-2015

Tortoli, E, Richter, E, Borroni, E, Cabibbe, AM, Capitolo, E, Cittaro, D, Engel, R, Hendricks, O, Hillemann, D, Kristiansen, JE, Mariottini, A, Schubert, S & Cirillo, DM 2016, 'Mycobacterium alsense sp. nov., a scotochromogenic slow grower isolated from clinical respiratory specimens' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY, Bd 66, Nr. 1, S. 450-6. DOI: 10.1099/ijsem.0.000744

Ferrand, RA, Meghji, J, Kidia, K, Dauya, E, Bandason, T, Mujuru, H, Ncube, G, Mungofa, S & Kranzer, K 2016, 'The effectiveness of Routine Opt-out HIV Testing for children in Harare, Zimbabwe' JAIDS-JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES, Bd 71, Nr. 1, S. e24-9. DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000867

Ford, N, Matteelli, A, Shubber, Z, Hermans, S, Meintjes, G, Grinsztejn, B, Waldrop, G, Kranzer, K, Doherty, M & Getahun, H 2016, 'TB as a cause of hospitalization and in-hospital mortality among people living with HIV worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis' AIDS, Bd 19, Nr. 1, S. 20714.

2015

Tortoli E, Richter E, Borroni E, Cabibbe AM, Capitolo E, Cittaro D, Engel R, Hendricks O, Hillemann D, Kristiansen JE, Mariottini A, Schubert S, Cirillo DM. Mycobacterium alsense sp. nov., a scotochromogenic slow grower isolated from clinical respiratory specimens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2015 Nov 5. doi:10.1099/ijsem.0.000744. [Epub ahead of print]

Tagliani E, Cabibbe AM, Miotto P, Borroni E, Toro JC, Mansjö M, Hoffner S, Hillemann D, Zalutskaya A, Skrahina A, Cirillo DM. Diagnostic Performance of the New Version (v2.0) of GenoType MTBDRsl Assay for Detection of Resistance to Fluoroquinolones and Second-Line Injectable Drugs: a Multicenter Study. J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Sep;53(9):2961-9. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01257-15. Epub 2015 Jul 15.

Richter E, Andres S, Hillemann D. [Current microbiological methods in the investigation of mycobacteria]. Pneumologie. 2015 May;69(5):276-81. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1391960. Epub 2015 May 13.

Mätz-Rensing, K, Hartmann, T, Wendel, GM, Frick, JS, Homolka, S, Richter, E, Munk, MH, Kaup, F-J 2015, 'Outbreak of Tuberculosis in a Colony of Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca mulatta) after Possible Indirect Contact with a Human TB Patient' JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PATHOLOGY ., 10.1016/j.jcpa.2015.05.006

Cambau, E, Viveiros, M, Machado, D, Raskine, L, Ritter, C, Tortoli, E, Matthys, V, Hoffner, S, Richter, E, Perez Del Molino, ML, Cirillo, DM, van Soolingen, D, Böttger, EC 2015, 'Revisiting susceptibility testing in MDR-TB by a standardized quantitative phenotypic assessment in a European multicentre study' JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY, Bd 70, Nr. 3, S. 686-96.

Merker, M, Blin, C, Mona, S, Duforet-Frebourg, N, Lecher, S, Willery, E, Blum, M, Rüsch-Gerdes, S, Mokrousov, I, Aleksic, E, Allix-Béguec, C, Antierens, A, Augustynowicz-Kopeć, E, Ballif, M, Barletta, F, Beck, HP, Barry, CE, Bonnet, M, Borroni, E, Campos-Herrero, I, Cirillo, D, Cox, H, Crowe, S, Crudu, V, Diel, R, Drobniewski, F, Fauville-Dufaux, M, Gagneux, S, Ghebremichael, S, Hanekom, M, Hoffner, S, Jiao, W-W, Kalon, S, Kohl, TA, Kontsevaya, I, Lillebæk, T, Maeda, S, Nikolayevskyy, V, Rasmussen, M, Rastogi, N, Samper, S, Sanchez-Padilla, E, Savic, B, Shamputa, IC, Shen, A, Sng, L-H, Stakenas, P, Toit, K, Varaine, F, Vukovic, D, Wahl, C, Warren, R, Supply, P, Niemann, S, Wirth, T 2015, 'Evolutionary history and global spread of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing lineage' NATURE GENETICS, Bd 47, Nr. 3, S. 242-9.

Hammer, P, Richter, E, Rüsch-Gerdes, S, Walte, H-GC, Matzen, S, Kiesner, C 2015, 'Inactivation of Mycobacterium bovis ssp. caprae in high-temperature, short-term pasteurized pilot-plant milk' JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE , Bd 98, Nr. 3, S. 1634-9.

2014

Prodinger, WM, Indra, A, Koksalan, OK, Kilicaslan, Z & Richter, E 2014, 'Mycobacterium caprae infection in humans' Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy , Bd 12, Nr. 12, S. 1501-13.

Diel, R, Nienhaus, A, Lampenius, N, Rüsch-Gerdes, S & Richter, E 2014, 'Cost of multi drug resistance tuberculosis in Germany' RESPIRATORY MEDICINE , Bd 108, Nr. 11, S. 1677-87.

Kolb, J, Hillemann, D, Möbius, P, Reetz, J, Lahiri, A, Lewin, A, Rüsch-Gerdes, S & Richter, E 2014, 'Genetic characterization of German Mycobacterium avium strains isolated from different hosts and specimens by multilocus sequence typing' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY, Bd 304, Nr. 8, S. 941-8.

Miotto, P, Cabibbe, AM, Feuerriegel, S, Casali, N, Drobniewski, F, Rodionova, Y, Bakonyte, D, Stakenas, P, Pimkina, E, Augustynowicz-Kopeć, E, Degano, M, Ambrosi, A, Hoffner, S, Mansjö, M, Werngren, J, Rüsch-Gerdes, S, Niemann, S & Cirillo, DM 2014, 'Mycobacterium tuberculosis Pyrazinamide Resistance Determinants: a Multicenter Study' mBio, Bd 5, Nr. 5, S. e01819-14.

Lange, C, Abubakar, I, Alffenaar, J-WC, Bothamley, G, Caminero, JA, Carvalho, ACC, Chang, K-C, Codecasa, L, Correia, A, Crudu, V, Davies, P, Dedicoat, M, Drobniewski, F, Duarte, R, Ehlers, C, Erkens, C, Goletti, D, Günther, G, Ibraim, E, Kampmann, B, Kuksa, L, de Lange, W, van Leth, F, van Lunzen, J, Matteelli, A, Menzies, D, Monedero, I, Richter, E, Rüsch-Gerdes, S, Sandgren, A, Scardigli, A, Skrahina, A, Tortoli, E, Volchenkov, G, Wagner, D, van der Werf, MJ, Williams, B, Yew, W-W, Zellweger, J-P & Cirillo, DM 2014, 'Management of patients with multidrug-resistant/extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in Europe: a TBNET consensus statement.' The European respiratory journal, Bd 44, Nr. 1, S. 23-63.

Napiórkowska, A, Rüsch-Gerdes, S, Hillemann, D, Richter, E & Augustynowicz-Kopeć, E 2014, 'Characterisation of pyrazinamide-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated in Poland and Germany' INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE, Bd 18, Nr. 4, S. 454-60.

Sanchini, A, Fiebig, L, Drobniewski, F, Haas, W, Richter, E, Katalinic-Jankovic, V, Pimkina, E, Skenders, G, Cirillo, DM, Balabanova, Y & European Reference Laboratory Network for TB Members 2014, 'Laboratory diagnosis of paediatric tuberculosis in the European Union/European Economic Area analysis of routine laboratory data, 2007 to 2011' Euro Surveillance, Bd 19, Nr. 11.

Andres, S, Hillemann, D, Rüsch-Gerdes, S & Richter, E 2014, 'Occurence of rpoB mutations in German isoniazid resistant but rifampicin susceptible M. tuberculosis isolates' ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, Bd 58, Nr. 1, S. 590-592.

van der Werf, MJ, Kodmon, C, Katalinic-Jankovic, V, Kummik, T, Soini, H, Richter, E, Papaventsis, D, Tortoli, E, Perrin, M, van Soolingen, D, Zolnir-Dovc, M & Thomsen, VO 2014, 'Inventory study of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in the European Union' BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES , Bd 14, S. 62.

2013

Folkvardsen DB, Thomsen VØ, Rigouts L, Rasmussen EM, Bang D, Bernaerts G, Werngren J, Toro JC, Hoffner S, Hillemann D, Svensson E. Rifampin heteroresistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis cultures as detected by phenotypic and genotypic drug susceptibility test methods. J Clin Microbiol. 2013 Dec;51(12):4220-2. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01602-13. Epub 2013 Sep 25. PubMed PMID:24068005

Merker M, Kohl TA, Roetzer A, Truebe L, Richter E, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Fattorini L, Oggioni MR, Cox H, Varaine F, Niemann S. Whole genome sequencing reveals complex evolution patterns of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing strains in patients. PLoS One. 2013 Dec 6;8(12):e82551. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082551. eCollection 2013

Schönfeld N, Haas W, Richter E, Bauer TT, Bös L, Castell S, Hauer B, Magdorf K, Matthiessen W, Mauch H, Reuss A, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Zabel P, Dalhoff K, Schaberg  T, Loddenkemper R. [Recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of nontuberculous mycobacterioses of the German Central Committee against tuberculosis and the German Respiratory Society]. Pneumologie. 2013 Nov;67(11):605-33. doi.10.1055/s-0033-1344790. Epub 2013 Nov 6. German.

Hillemann D, Hoffner S, Cirillo D, Drobniewski F, Richter E, Rüsch-Gerdes S; Baltic-Nordic TB- Laboratory Network; TB PAN-NET; ECDC ERLN-TB Networks. First evaluation after implementation of a quality control system for the second line drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis joint efforts in low and high incidence countries. PLoS One. 2013 Oct 11;8(10):e76765. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076765. eCollection 2013.

Folkvardsen DB, Svensson E, Thomsen VØ, Rasmussen EM, Bang D, Werngren J, Hoffner S, Hillemann D, Rigouts L. Can molecular methods detect 1% isoniazid resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis? J Clin Microbiol. 2013 May;51(5):1596-9.

Roetzer A, Diel R, Kohl TA, Rückert C, Nübel U, Blom J, Wirth T, Jaenicke S, Schuback S, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Supply P, Kalinowski J, Niemann S. Whole genome sequencing versus traditional genotyping for investigation of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis outbreak: a longitudinal molecular epidemiological study. PLoS Med.  2013;10(2):e1001387.

Weile J, Eickmeyer H, Dreier J, Liebke M, Fuchs U, Wittke JW, Richter E, Gummert J, Knabbe C, Schulz U. First case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission by heart transplantation from donor to recipient. Int J Med Microbiol. 2013 Jun 15.

Elze J, Grammel L, Richter E, Aupperle H. First description of Mycobacterium heckeshornense infection in a feline immunodeficiency virus-positive cat. J Feline Med Surg. 2013 May 31. [Epub ahead of print]

Hoefsloot W, van Ingen J, Andrejak C, Angeby K, Bauriaud R, Bemer P, Beylis N, Boeree MJ, Cacho J, Chihota V, Chimara E, Churchyard G, Cias R, Dasa R, Daley CL, Dekhuijzen PN, Domingo D, Drobniewski F, Esteban J, Fauville-Dufaux M, Folkvardsen DB, Gibbons N, Gómez-Mampaso E, Gonzalez R, Hoffmann H, Hsueh PR, Indra A, Jagielski T, Jamieson F, Jankovic M, Jong E, Keane J, Koh WJ, Lange B, Leao S, Macedo R, Mannsåker T, Marras TK, Maugein J, Milburn HJ, Mlinkó T, Morcillo N, Morimoto K, Papaventsis D, Palenque E, Paez-Peña M, Piersimoni C, Polanová M, Rastogi N, Richter E, Ruiz-Serrano MJ, Silva A, da Silva MP, Simsek H, van Soolingen D, Szabó N, Thomson R, Fernandez MT, Tortoli E, Totten SE, Tyrrell G, Vasankari T, Villar M, Walkiewicz R, Winthrop K, Wagner D; for NTM NET (www.ntm-net.org). The geographic diversity of nontuberculous mycobacteria isolated from pulmonary samples: A NTM-NET collaborative study. Eur Respir J. 2013 Apr 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Genc GE, Richter E, Erturan Z. Isolation of nontuberculous mycobacteria from hospital waters in Turkey. APMIS. 2013 Mar 20.  [Epub ahead of print]

Feuerriegel S, Köser CU, Richter E, Niemann S. Mycobacterium canettii is intrinsically resistant to both pyrazinamide and pyrazinoic acid. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013 Jun;68(6):1439-40.

2012

Feuerriegel S, Oberhauser B, George AG, Dafae F, Richter E, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Sequence analysis for detection of first-line drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from a high-incidence setting. BMC Microbiol.  2012 May 30;12:90. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-12-90.

Kaynak S, Bauer C, Richter V, Richter E, Niemann S. [Tuberculosis outbreak in 13 people in Saxony-Anhalt: indications of an infection chain by spoligotyping]. Gesundheitswesen. 2012 Jun;74(6):351-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1285862. Epub 2011
Aug 24. German.

Ziegler R, Just H-M, Castell S, Diel R, Gastmeier P, Haas W, Hauer B, Loytved G, Mielke M, Moser I, Nienhaus A, Richter E, Rüden H, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Schaberg T, Wischnewski N, Loddenkemper R. Infektionsprävention bei Tuberkulose - Empfehlungen des DZK [Tuberculosis infection control - recommendations of the DZK]. DAS GESUNDHEITSWESEN 2012 Jun;74(6):337–350.

Ziegler R, Just H-M, Castell S, Diel R, Gastmeier P, Haas W, Hauer B, Loytved G, Mielke M, Moser I, Nienhaus A, Richter E, Rüden H, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Schaberg T, Wischnewski N, Loddenkemper R. Infektionsprävention bei Tuberkulose - Empfehlungen des DZK [Tuberculosis infection control--recommendations of the DZK]. PNEUMOLOGIE 2012 May;66(5):269–282.

Castell S, Bauer T, Diel R, Hedrich A, Magdorf K, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Schaberg T, Loddenkemper R. International Standards of Tuberculosis Care (ISTC) - Kommentierung aus deutscher Sicht [International Standards of Tuberculosis Care (ISTC)--comments from the German point of view]. PNEUMOLOGIE 2012 Apr;66(4):240–249.

Kurbatova EV, Cavanaugh JS, Shah NS, Wright A, Kim H, Metchock B, Van Deun A, Barrera L, Boulahbal F, Richter E, Martín-Casabona N, Arias F, Zemanova I, Drobniewski F, Santos Silva A, Coulter C, Lumb R, Cegielski JP. Rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis: susceptibility to isoniazid and other anti-tuberculosis drugs. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASES 2012 Mar;16(3):355–357.

Siddiqi S, Ahmed A, Asif S, Behera D, Javaid M, Jani J, Jyoti A, Mahatre R, Mahto D, Richter E, Rodrigues C, Visalakshi P, Rusch-Gerdes S. Direct Drug Susceptibility Testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis for Rapid Detection of Multidrug Resistance Using the Bactec MGIT 960 System: a Multicenter Study. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2012 Feb;50(2):435–440.

Beckert P, Hillemann D, Kohl TA, Kalinowski J, Richter E, Niemann S, Feuerriegel S. rplC T460C Identified as a Dominant Mutation in Linezolid-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 2012 Feb;56(5):2743–2745.

Sanchez-Padilla E, Dlamini T, Ascorra A, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Tefera ZD, Calain P, de la Tour R, Jochims F, Richter E, Bonnet M. High Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Swaziland, 2009–2010. EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2012 Jan;18(1):29-37.

2011

Hepple P, Novoa-Cain J, Cheruiyot C, Richter E, Ritmeijer K. Implementation of liquid culture for tuberculosis diagnosis in a remote setting: lessons learned. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 Mar;15(3):405-7. PubMed PMID: 21333111.

Feuerriegel S, Köser CU, Baù D, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Summers DK, Archer JAC, Marti-Renom MA, Niemann S. Impact of fgd1 and ddn diversity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex on in vitro susceptibility to PA-824. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 2011 Dec;55(12):5718-22.

Roetzer A, Schuback S, Diel R, Gasau F, Ubben T, di Nauta A, Richter E, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Evaluation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis typing methods in a four-year study in Schleswig-Holstein, Northern Germany. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2011 Dec;49(12):4173-8.

Blakemore R, Nabeta P, Davidow AL, Vadwai V, Tahirli R, Munsamy V, Nicol M, Jones M, Persing DH, Hillemann D, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Leisegang F, Zamudio C, Rodrigues C, Boehme CC, Perkins MD, Alland D. A Multisite Assessment of the Quantitative Capabilities of the Xpert MTB/RIF Assay. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE 2011 Nov;184(9):1076-1084.

Hillemann D, Richter E. Mikrobiologie und Diagnostik nichttuberkulöser Mykobakterien. DER PNEUMOLOGE 2011 Jun;8(6):389-395.

Bonnet M, Pardini M, Meacci F, Orrù G, Yesilkaya H, Jarosz T, Andrew PW, Barer M, Checchi F, Rinder H, Orefici G, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Fattorini L, Oggioni MR, Melzer J, Niemann S, Varaine F. Treatment of Tuberculosis in a Region with High Drug Resistance: Outcomes, Drug Resistance Amplification and Re-Infection. PLoS ONE 2011 Aug;6:e23081. Open Access

Falzon D, Jaramillo E, Schunemann HJ, Arentz M, Bauer M, Bayona J, Blanc L, Caminero JA, Daley CL, Duncombe C, Fitzpatrick C, Gebhard A, Getahun H, Henkens M, Holtz TH, Keravec J, Keshavjee S, Khan AJ, Kulier R, Leimane V, Lienhardt C, Lu C, Mariandyshev A, Migliori GB, Mirzayev F, Mitnick CD, Nunn P, Nwagboniwe G, Oxlade O, Palmero D, Pavlinac P, Quelapio MI, Raviglione MC, Rich ML, Royce S, Rusch-Gerdes S, Salakaia A, Sarin R, Sculier D, Varaine F, Vitoria M, Walson JL, Wares F, Weyer K, White RA, Zignol M. WHO guidelines for the programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis: 2011 update. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL 2011 Aug;38(3):516-528.

Hillemann D, Richter E, Rüsch-Gerdes S. Neue molekulardiagnostische Verfahren in der Tuberkulose- Diagnostik. EPIDEMOLOGISCHES BULLETIN 2011 Aug;2011(34):319-21.

Thye T, Niemann S, Walter K, Homolka S, Intemann CD, Chinbuah MA, Enimil A, Gyapong J, Osei I, Owusu-Dabo E, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Horstmann RD, Ehlers S, Meyer CG. Variant G57E of mannose binding lectin associated with protection against tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium africanum but not by M. tuberculosis. PLoS ONE 2011 Jun;6(6):e20908. Open Access

Hillemann D, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Boehme C, Richter E. Rapid molecular detection of extrapulmonary tuberculosis by automated GeneXpert(R) MTB/RIF system. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY Apr;49(4):1202-5.

Hepple P, Novoa-Cain J, Cheruiyot C, Richter E, Ritmeijer K. Implementation of liquid culture for tuberculosis diagnosis in a remote setting: lessons learned. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE 2011 Mar;15(3):405-407.

Macheras E, Roux A, Bastian S, Leão SC, Palaci M, Sivadon-Tardy V, Gutierrez C, Richter E, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Pfyffer G, Bodmer T, Cambau E, Gaillard J, Heym B. Multilocus sequence analysis and rpoB sequencing of Mycobacterium abscessus (sensu lato) strains. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2011 Feb;49(2):491-9.

Books & Chapters

Ewig S, Schaberg T, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Bollow M. Tuberkulose und nicht tuberkulöse Mykobakteriosen heute. 3rd ed. Dustri; 2011.

RICHTER E, BROWN-ELLIOTT BA, WALLACE RJJ. 29. Mycobacterium: Laboratory Characteristics of Slowly Growing Mycobacteria. In: Versalovic, James (ed.):  Manual of clinical microbiology. Volume 1. Washington, DC: ASM Press; 2011.

 

2010

Homolka S, Meyer CG, Hillemann D, Owusu-Dabo E, Adjei O, Horstmann RD, Browne ENL, Chinbuah A, Osei I, Gyapong J, Kubica T, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Unequal distribution of resistance-conferring mutations among Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium africanum strains from Ghana. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2010 Nov;300(7):489-95.

Feuerriegel S, Köser C, Trübe L, Archer J, Gerdes SR, Richter E, Niemann S. Thr202Ala in thyA is a marker for the Latin American Mediterranean lineage of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex rather than para-aminosalicylic acid resistance. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 2010 Nov;54(11):4794-8.

Theuß T, Aupperle H, Eulenberger K, Schoon H, Richter E. Disseminated Infection with Mycobacterium genavense in a Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura) Associated with the Isolation of an Unknown Mycobacterium. JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PATHOLOGY 2010 Oct;143(2-3):195-198.

Boehme CC, Nabeta P, Hillemann D, Nicol MP, Shenai S, Krapp F, Allen J, Tahirli R, Blakemore R, Rustomjee R, Milovic A, Jones M, O'Brien SM, Persing DH, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Gotuzzo E, Rodrigues C, Alland D, Perkins MD. Rapid Molecular Detection of Tuberculosis and Rifampin Resistance. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE 2010 Sep;363(11):1005-1015.

Plinke C, Cox HS, Zarkua N, Karimovich HA, Braker K, Diel R, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Feuerriegel S, Niemann S. embCAB sequence variation among ethambutol-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates without embB306 mutation. JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY 2010 Jul;65(7):1359-67.

Matthiessen W, Schmidt C, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Schönfeld N. Bedeutung der lokalen und allgemeinen Risikofaktoren für die Pathogenese der pulmonalen nicht-tuberkulösen Mykobakteriosen bei Nicht-AIDS-Patienten. Eine Untersuchung der Wissenschaftlichen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für die Therapie von Lungenkrankheiten (WATL) [Significance of local and general risk factors for the pathogenesis of pulmonary, non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis in non-AIDS patients]. PNEUMOLOGIE 2010 May;64(5):281-290.

Plesker R, Teschner K, Behlert O, Prenger-Berninghoff E, Hillemann D. Airborne Mycobacterium avium infection in a group of red-shanked douc langurs (Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus). JOURNAL OF MEDICAL PRIMATOLOGY 2010 Apr;39(2):129-135.

Heinrich N, Hoelscher M, Richter E. Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria. DEUTSCHES ARZTEBLATT INTERNATIONAL 2010 Mar;107(9):147-147.

Devaux I, Manissero D, Fernandez de la Hoz K, Kremer K, van Soolingen D. Surveillance of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in Europe, 2003-2007. EUROSURVEILLANCE 2010 Mar;15(11):pii: 19518.

Books, Bookchapters 2010

Richter E (Hrsg.): Tuberkulose, Mykobakteriose.  2. Aufl.  München [u.a.]: Elsevier, Urban & Fischer; 2010.

 

2009

Barniol J, Niemann S, Louis V, Brodhun B, Dreweck C, Richter E, Becher H, Haas W, Junghanss T. Transmission dynamics of pulmonary tuberculosis between autochthonous and immigrant sub-populations. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2009 Dec;9:197. Open Access

Van Deun A, Barrera L, Bastian I, Fattorini L, Hoffmann H, Kam K, Rigouts L, Rusch-Gerdes S, Wright A. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains with Highly Discordant Rifampin Susceptibility Test Results. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2009 Nov;47(11):3501-3506.

Plinke C, Cox H, Kalon S, Doshetov D, Rusch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Tuberculosis ethambutol resistance: Concordance between phenotypic and genotypic test results. TUBERCULOSIS 2009 Nov;89(6):448-452.

Richter E, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Hillemann D. Drug-susceptibility testing in TB: current status and future prospects. EXPERT REVIEW OF RESPIRATORZ MEDICINE 2009 Oct;3(5):497-510.

Intemann C, Thye T, Niemann S, Browne E, Chinbuah M, Enimil A, Gyapong J, Osei I, Owusu-Dabo E, Helm S, Rusch-Gerdes S, Horstmann R, Meyer C. Autophagy Gene Variant IRGM-261T Contributes to Protection from Tuberculosis Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis but Not by M. africanum Strains. PLOS PATHOGENS 2009 Sep;5(9):e1000577. Open Access

Anthony R, Cobelens F, Gebhard A, Klatser P, Lumb R, Rusch-Gerdes S, van Soolingen D. Liquid culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis: proceed, but with caution. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE 2009 Sep;13(9):1051-1053.

Hillemann D, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Greinert U. Epidemiologie und Therapie der mehrfachresistenten Tuberkulose. CHEMOTHERAPIE-JOURNAL 2009 Aug;18(4):119-125.
Feuerriegel S, Cox H, Zarkua N, Karimovich H, Braker K, Rusch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Sequence Analyses of Just Four Genes To Detect Extensively Drug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains in Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients Undergoing Treatment. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 2009 Aug;53(8):3353-3356.

Thye T, Scarisbrick G, Browne E, Chinbuah M, Gyapong J, Osei I, Owusu-Dabo E, Niemann S, Rusch-Gerdes S, Meyer C, Horstmann R. CTLA4 Autoimmunity-Associated Genotype Contributes to Severe Pulmonary Tuberculosis in an African Population. PLOS ONE 2009 Jul;4(7):e6307. Open Access

Pardini M, Niemann S, Varaine F, Iona E, Meacci F, Orru G, Yesilkaya H, Jarosz T, Andrew P, Barer M, Checchi F, Rinder H, Orefici G, Rusch-Gerdes S, Fattorini L, Oggioni M, Bonnet M. Characteristics of drug-resistant tuberculosis in Abkhazia (Georgia), a high-prevalence area in Eastern Europe. TUBERCULOSIS 2009 Jul;89(4):317-324.

Hillemann D, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Richter E. Feasibility of the GenoType MTBDRsl Assay for Fluoroquinolone, Amikacin-Capreomycin, and Ethambutol Resistance Testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains and Clinical Specimens. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2009 Jun;47(6):1767-1772.

Thye T, Browne E, Chinbuah M, Gyapong J, Osei I, Owusu-Dabo E, Brattig N, Niemann S, Rusch-Gerdes S, Horstmann R, Meyer C. IL 10 Haplotype Associated with Tuberculin Skin Test Response but Not with Pulmonary TB. PLOS ONE 2009 May;4(5):e5420. Open Access

Sotgiu G, Ferrara G, Matteelli A, Richardson M, Centis R, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Toungoussova O, Zellweger J, Spanevello A, Cirillo D, Lange C, Migliori G. Epidemiology and clinical management of XDR-TB: a systematic review by TBNET. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL 2009 Apr;33(4):871-881.

Homolka S, Koser C, Archer J, Rusch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Rv2629 Are Specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Genotypes Beijing and Ghana but Not Associated with Rifampin Resistance. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2009 Jan;47(1):223-226.

Books, Book Chapters 2009

Richter E. Mykobakterien.  In: Neumeister, Birgid (Hrsg.): Mikrobiologische Diagnostik : Bakteriologie, Mykologie, Virologie, Parasitologie.  Stuttgart: Thieme; 2009 p. 398-418.

 

2008

Schmidt V, Schneider S, Schlomer J, Krautwald-Junghanns M, Richter E. Transmission of tuberculosis between men and pet birds: a case report. AVIAN PATHOLOGY 2008 Dec;37(6):589-592.

Cox H, Sibilia K, Feuerriegel S, Kalon S, Polonsky J, Khamraev A, Rusch-Gerdes S, Mills C, Niemann S. Emergence of Extensive Drug Resistance during Treatment for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE 2008 Nov;359(22):2398-2400.

Eker B, Ortmann J, Migliori G, Sotgiu G, Muetterlein R, Centis R, Hoffmann H, Kirsten D, Schaberg T, Ruesch-Gerdes S, Lange C. Multidrug- and Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Germany. EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2008 Nov;14(11):1700-1706.

Wirth T, Hildebrand F, Allix-Beguec C, Wolbeling F, Kubica T, Kremer K, van Soolingen D, Rusch-Gerdes S, Locht C, Brisse S, Meyer A, Supply P, Niemann S. Origin, spread and demography of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. PLOS PATHOGENS 2008 Sep;4(9). Open Access

Schweickert B, Goldenberg O, Richter E, Gobel U, Petrich A, Buchholz P, Moter A. Occurrence and clinical relevance of Mycobacterium chimaera sp nov., Germany. EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2008 Sep;14(9):1443-1446. Open Access

Rüsch-Gerdes S, Hillemann D. Moderne mykobakteriologische Labordiagnostik & [Modern laboratory diagnostics for mycobacteria]. PNEUMOLOGIE 2008 Sep;62(9):533-540.

Meyer C, Scarisbrick G, Niemann S, Browne E, Chinbuah M, Gyapong J, Osei I, Owusu-Dabo E, Kubica T, Rusch-Gerdes S, Thye T, Horstmann R. Pulmonary tuberculosis: Virulence of Mycobacterium africanum and relevance in HIV co-infection. TUBERCULOSIS 2008 Sep;88(5):482-489.

Hauer B, Diel R, Priwitzer M, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Schaberg T, Loddenkemper R. Der neue Tuberkulose-Schnelltest von DiaVita - keine Verbesserung der diagnostischen Möglichkeiten / [The new tuberculosis rapid assay from DiaVita - no improvement of diagnostic]. PNEUMOLOGIE 2008 Aug;62(8):480-481.

Huber J, Richter E, Binder L, Maass M, Eberl R, Zenz W. Mycobacterium bohemicum and cervical lymphadenitis in children. EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2008 Jul;14(7):1158-1159. Open Access

Migliori G, Lange C, Centis R, Sotgiu G, Mutterlein R, Hoffmann H, Kliiman K, De laco G, Lauria F, Richardson M, Spanevello A, Cirillo D. Resistance to second-line injectables and treatment outcomes in multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis cases. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL 2008 Jun;31(6):1155-1159.

Homolka S, Post E, Oberhauser B, George A, Westman L, Dafae F, Rusch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. High genetic diversity among Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains from Sierra Leone. BMC MICROBIOLOGY 2008 Jun;8:103. Open Access

Herb F, Thye T, Niemann S, Browne E, Chinbuah M, Gyapong J, Osei I, Owusu-Dabo E, Werz O, Rusch-Gerdes S, Horstmann R, Meyer C. ALOX5 variants associated with susceptibility to human pulmonary tuberculosis. HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS 2008 Apr;17(7):1052-1060.

Hillemann D, Rusch-Gerdes S, Richter E. In vitro-selected linezolid-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutants. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 2008 Feb;52(2):800-801.

 

2007

Greinert U, Hillemann D, Lange C, Richter E. Antibiotika-resistente Tuberkulose / Antibiotic drug-resistant tuberculosis. MEDIZINISCHE KLINIK 2007 Dec;102(12):957-966.

Drobniewski F, Rusch-Gerdes S, Hoffner S. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (EUCAST document E.DEF 8.1) - Report of the subcommittee on antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis of the European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID). CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTION 2007 Dec;13(12):1144-1156.

Richter E, Tortoli E, Fischer A, Hendricks O, Engel R, Hillemann D, Schubert S, Kristiansen J. Mycobacterium alsiense, novel, slowly growing species isolated from patients with pulmonary disease. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2007 Nov;45(11):3837-3839.

Cox HS, Kalon S, Allamuratova S, Sizaire V, Tigay ZN, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Karimovich HA, Kebede Y, Mills C. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment outcomes in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan: treatment complexity and XDR-TB among treatment failures. PLOS ONE 2007 Nov;2(11):e1126. Open Access

Hillemann D, Rusch-Gerdes S, Richter E. Evaluation of the GenoType MTBDRplus assay for rifampin and isoniazid susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains and clinical specimens. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2007 Aug;45(8):2635-2640.

Cox H, Niemann S, Ismailov G, Doshetov D, Orozco J, Blok L, Rusch-Gerdes S, Kebede Y. Risk of acquired drug resistance during short-course directly observed treatment of tuberculosis in an area with high levels of drug resistance. CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2007 Jun;44(11):1421-1427.

Richter E, Rusch-Gerdes S, Hillemann D. First linezolid-resistant clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY 2007 Apr;51(4):1534-1536.

Shah N, Wright A, Bai G, Barrera L, Boulahbal F, Martin-Casabona N, Drobniewski F, Gilpin C, Havelkova M, Lepe R, Lumb R, Metchock B, Portaels F, Rodrigues M, Rusch-Gerdes S, Van Deun A, Vincent V, Laserson K, Wells C, Cegielski J. Worldwide emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2007 Mar;13(3):380-387.

Oelemann M, Diel R, Vatin V, Haas W, Rusch-Gerdes S, Locht C, Niemann S, Supply P. Assessment of an optimized mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable-number tandem-repeat typing system combined with spoligotyping for population-based molecular epidemiology studies of tuberculosis. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2007 Mar;45(3):691-697.

 

2006 (Selection)

Hillemann D, Richter E, Rusch-Gerdes S. Use of the BACTEC mycobacteria growth indicator tube 960 automated system for recovery of mycobacteria from 9,558 extrapulmonary specimens, including urine samples. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2006 Nov;44(11):4014-4017.

Hillemann D, Rusch-Gerdes S, Richter E. Application of the Genotype (R) MTBDR assay directly on sputum specimens. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE 2006 Sep;10(9):1057-1059.

Hillemann D, Warren R, Kubica T, Rusch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype strains by real-time PCR (vol 44, pg 302, 2006). JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2006 Sep;44(9):3472-3472.

Rüsch-Gerdes S, Pfyffer G, Casal M, Chadwick M, Siddiqi S. Multicenter laboratory validation of the BACTEC MGIT 960 technique for testing susceptibilities of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to classical second-line drugs and newer antimicrobials. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2006 Mar;44(3):688-692.

 

1999 – 2005 (Selection)

Diel R, Seidler A, Nienhaus A, Rusch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Occupational risk of tuberculosis transmission in a low incidence area. RESPIRATORY RESEARCH 2005 Apr;6:35. Open Access

Rusch-Gerdes S, Richter E. Clinical evaluation of the semiautomated BDProbeTec ET system for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in respiratory and nonrespiratory specimens. DIAGNOSTIC MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE 2004 Apr;48(4):265-270.

Harmsen D, Dostal S, Roth A, Niemann S, Rothganger J, Sammeth M, Albert J, Frosch M, Richter E. RIDOM: Comprehensive and public sequence database for identification of Mycobacterium species. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES 2003 Nov;3:26. Open Access

Richter E, Niemann S, Gloeckner F, Pfyffer G, Rusch-Gerdes S. Mycobacterium holsaticum sp nov. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY 2002 Nov;52:1991-1996.

Niemann S, Richter E, Rusch-Gerdes S. Biochemical and genetic evidence for the transfer of Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 to the species Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) as Mycobacterium bovis subsp caprae comb. nov. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY 2002 Mar;52:433-436.

Diel R, Schneider S, Meywald-Walter K, Ruf C, Rusch-Gerdes S, Niemann S. Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Hamburg, Germany: Long-term population-based analysis applying classical and molecular epidemiological techniques. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2002 Feb;40(2):532-539.

Bemer P, Palicova F, Rusch-Gerdes S, Drugeon H, Pfyffer G. Multicenter evaluation of fully automated BACTEC Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube 960 system for susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 2002 Jan;40(1):150-154.

Hanna B, Ebrahimzadeh A, Elliott L, Morgan M, Novak S, Rusch-Gerdes S, Acio M, Dunbar D, Holmes T, Rexer C, Savthyakumar C, Vannier A. Multicenter evaluation of the BACTEC MGIT 960 system for recovery of mycobacteria. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 1999 Mar;37(3):748-752.

Rusch-Gerdes S, Domehl C, Nardi G, Gismondo M, Welscher H, Pfyffer G. Multicenter evaluation of the Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube for testing susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to first-line drugs. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY 1999 Jan;37(1):45-48.